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About Us 

Communications Centre Unit concentrated on the use of military communications equipment, as well as other forms of secret communication. Our unit also undertook advanced training. With specializations in both Russia and Angola.

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General Communication Course for Umkhonto We Sizwe :

1. Tactics,

2. Small Arms

3. Political Classes 

4. Topography

5. Physical Training

6. Communications

     - Military Communications equipment (R105, Tai 57)

     -Field telephone and   

     -switchboard operation

     -Types and Deployment of R105 antenna

     -Handling of batteries

     -Coding of Messages


Specialization in Military Communications Angola


Military Communications  Specialization (Moscow),


 1. Morse Code,

2. Fundamentals of Radiocommunications (included following topics: Block diagram and electronic circuitry, fault finding, technical characteristics of radio stations, ionosphere and propagation of radio waves, antenna systems and their deployment, frequency prognosis, operating radio stations, Morse

cryptography, electro technique and batteries.

And also the following: 11-year Cycles of Sun Spots, HF, VHF and UHF. Special communications.

Use of topography compass to deploy antenna system. Radio Tuning, Valve repairs.


1. Small Arms,

2. Light Artillery,

3. Topography,

4. Tactics,

5. Fundamentals of Radiocommunications,

6. Organization of Radiocommunications,

7. Electronics & Electrotechnology,

8. Morse  Code.

9. Military Combat Works (MCW), Antenna Deployment, High powered Radio transmitters. Interference management, signal to noise ratio. Multiplexing,

Frequency planning, Cryptography, Cipher and One-time pad.

11 months


Military Radio Repairs: All of the above except Morse Code

Military Radiocommunications equipment:

1.  R105 and R109 series: VHF

     radios used at platoon  

     level covering distances

     up to 15 Km with 1 Watt Tx

     transmitter power output.

     Antenna systems;  Kulikov

     flexible antenna,

     progressive wave wire


2. R393 and R350 HF series

     using Morse Code and

     deployed to link our

     military bases and to

     communicate with forward

     Areas and operated by

     skilled signallers. Used

     directional wire antenna. 

     Distance covered 1 500 -      

     3 000 Km single hop

     depending on sun activity

     life cycle with up to 20

     Watt Tx transmitter power 

     output. It was used by

     Soviet Army special

     forces.  All Soviet military

     radios R3.. were built for

     secret communications

3. R118, mounted or fixed

     radio station deployed at

     Company level covering

     voice communications up

    to 100 km. The R118 uses a

    combination of VHF, UHF

    SW radios and a

    teletypewriter.  The

   antenna system used were

   6  meter and 12 meter

   dipole and inverted V dipole 

    a rhombic antenna for

    ground to air


   Transmitter power output

   was up to 500 W delivered

   by an electron valve GU 50


4.  R354 or Proton, most

      advanced HF portable

      Radio used for long

     distance communications

     on Morse Code.

    Technically uniterceptable

5.  R140, similar in

    configuration to R118 but

    with tx  power output up to

    2Kw with voice

    communications up to 500

    KW. Had a prerecording facility like R354 that allowed for short bursts of message transmission making it impossible to intercept. The Soviet version of frequency hop added to immunity from enemy generated radio interference and interception

6. R357. Mounted in three trucks;  field power supply truck, Receiver truck that needed a football field antenna system and a Transmitter truck also needing a double football field. Far more powerful and sophisticated than R140 with tx antenna power output sitting at 5KW.  We had two of these stations

Our coding of messages ranged from using codes for voice communication, and Coded Morse Codes messages using calculations and decoding keys agreed upon by skilled operators.

These top secret unique code books were made that they could be easily destroyed by saliva or water by the operator if caught by the enemy.

Radio encryption technology and modulation techniques used was out of this world and made interception impossible


Some MK-CC Communications equipment 

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R109M Field Radio Station was used to establish communications with all units of MK in our military bases in Angola. All our soldiers were trained to operate this equipment. USW: 25-28 MHz, Tx output 1Watt. Deployed to cover up to 5km in Angolan bush enviornment

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R105D Field Radio Station. The older version of R109M was also used in our camps in Angola 

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BDR Mobile Radio Station

BDRM: This was used as a mobile communications command radio station. Operated by MK Communications Officers(Signallers). It was equipped with various radio equipment to provide ground and ground to air communication with helicopters. Communications range up to 100 Km with a telescopic antenna and 300 Km with directional antennas on continuous waves.

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R108 Mobile Station - uMaGogo was affectionately known to our communications officers. The first of mobile radio stations operated by MK. On Morse code transmission could cover over 3000 Km. This was deployed in Zambia, Tanzania and Angola. It was equipped with HF and VHF equipment. TX Power output 200 watts. At one time it was a sleeping bunker. 

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R140 Radio Transmitter: One of the most sophisticated communications equipment used by MK. It combined regular warfare and military intelligence (secret communications) capabilities. A group of MK communications officers were sent to the Soviet Union to specialize on this equipment

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R323 Radio Reciever - used in our communications centres. Like most of our equipment, operational instructions were in Russian that we were to learn. e.g. the button HACTPO KA (Nastroika) meant tuning. 

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R250M HF and Telex Radio Reciever used with R118. Could integrate with VHF radios. We used to listen to SANDF and UNITA communications in Angola during the war times. 

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East (Malanje Province)


[1] Quela (Camp near Quela) Out-post Military Camp

[2] Caculama (Camp near Caculama) Basic Military Training

[3] Malange City (capital of Malange Province) [Ruth First CC training Centre]

[4] Quibinda

[5] Cambondo

Eastern Front hq cacuso


Hoje – Ya – Henda 



Cuanza Sul Province 

Cuanza River (border with Malanje Province)

Northern front


Start from Luanda 








Mobility and Convoys - use of Armed Personnel Carrier (APC) for communications – type of APC and Radios


Mobile – Convoy  of Trucks Radio network


Route from East to Luanda and back


Route From North to Luanda and back


Eastern Front and Northern Front movement of personnel and trucks and logistics


Radios for training in general course and specialization.

Sub -Sahara Africa Clandestine CC Radio Positions


Uganda (Mbarara, Kampala)


Tanzania ( Mazimbu, Dakawa) 


Angola (See Above)


Zambia (Lusaka)


Zimbabwe (Harare, Bulawayo, Plam Tree)


Botswana (Francis Town, Gaborone, Lobatse)


Mozambique (Nampula, Maputo)


Swatini (Manzini Mbabane)


Lesotho (Maseru)



Inside South Africa (All) 


Radios and Trained CC people infiltrated inside South Africa to support military units.



Contact us below

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